Although the automotive industry is now in the middle of the day, and the auto industry for foreign-funded enterprises or joint ventures, payment is also more timely, is becoming a domestic many small and medium enterprises to pursue the object, but how to enter the industry and the industry requirements, is being confused by many companies, This article is a brief introduction. The development process of this paper is based on a well-known company development process written by Tier 1. Each company will have a small change, but the overall process is similar, because they are based on the TS16949 quality standards and work. This process is more stringent than the general company,Auto Parts in general, more and more companies are required to obtain TS16949 certification, so TS16949 will become the threshold to enter the automotive industry, the current ISO9001 is the most basic threshold.
1, potential suppliers selected
In general, the purchaser will select three to four suppliers according to their needs, obtain the initial offer and the company's relevant information, such as production scale, quality management, main products, production equipment, measuring equipment. The initial offer is mainly from a number of suppliers to choose a few out to do comparison, other information mainly for the supplier development engineers to understand. (SQA, SQA, SQD, SDE, etc., S for the supplier, Q for the quality, E for the engineer, A for the Assure,Auto Parts D for the development. Different (for the procurement of goods, to achieve quality requirements, the automotive industry generally have supplier quality engineers, The company has a different name, but the function is roughly the same.) Some also issued a feasibility report to fill you.
2, potential supplier review
When the potential supplier is selected, the supplier quality engineer will consult with the supplier to review the supplier (some companies will have engineers to participate, but the main responsibility for the supplier development engineers, ho ho, this time we should pay attention to, Supplier quality engineer satisfaction, he is in this step to master your life and death!), In general, different companies have different assessment form, the customer will advance to you this assessment form and their trip, do the professional will be so ,Auto Parts The newly arrived supplier quality engineer may not do so. Or the company is more casual, but you can ask in advance. Although the different forms of different companies, but the content is roughly the same. Some rough, some heavy process, some heavy procedures. Basic requirements for 70 points, some companies higher. After the audit is completed, the supplier quality engineer will send you a review report and the results. Some will have to improve the project requirements.
3, technical talks
After the completion of the review, if the customer has a basic intention, the general will conduct a technical talks, supplier quality engineers will be presided over, some companies to ensure that no waste, technical talks are also waiting to determine the supplier after. The main content of the technical talks is to understand the drawings and ask the supplier to meet the requirements. Or for some size detection instruments defined. Define key dimensions, and so on. Some companies will have the relevant documents to support. Asked to complete the cumbersome form and so on.
4, internal consent
This step is mainly based on the comprehensive quotation, review, technical talks on the basis of a decision from the original selection of several suppliers in the initial decision to choose who will be issued within the official form of the official notice of the corresponding departments. Non-global companies this step is the final result.
5, Global Resource Conference
This step for the multinational companies,Auto Parts when the final decision, the general will engage in a global resource meeting, inform the situation, so that the final decision to choose the same time, but also for foreign companies to provide information, global procurement.
6, quality planning
When the supplier is determined, the supplier quality engineer will preside over a quality pre-planning meeting, equivalent to APQP. The supplier will work with your relevant person in charge to determine the project process, define the milestone schedule, important product characteristics,Auto Parts control elements, etc., such as when to complete the mold repair, production line layout, when to complete the potential effectiveness of the model analysis, , When to complete PPAP and so on. Requirements for a size CPK and so on.
7, technical meetings, measurement discussion
This step is a lot of supplier quality engineers for trouble, usually with the sixth step at the same time, the latter or not, in the third step to complete. Specifically,Auto Parts the complexity of the parts, mainly to discuss the measurement aspects of the problem, whether the size of the size of the supplier to do so and so on. All in all, related technologies and measurements.
8, cross measurement
In order to avoid cross-sampling or PPAP sample measurement problems, some companies will conduct a comparative measurement, take a similar sample, according to the drawings to measure and save the data, and then compare the data, generally based on the principle of 10% tolerance,Auto Parts for more than 10% Size, the two sides analyze the data, is the equipment problem or measurement method, unified measurement method, come to the required results, to avoid future measurement problems.
9, the process of FMEA discussion
This step is mainly used by European companies, especially German companies, because many German companies see FMEA as a technical secret, you can view but do not submit to the customer, only to submit a cover, so many German companies require a FMEA discussion, check your FMEA how to do, whether it is reasonable and so on.